Mikołaj Malinowski

Postdoctoral Fellow, Phd, MSc, MA

Research areas and keywords

UKÄ subject classification

  • Economic History

Keywords

  • Long-term economic growth, Eastern Europe, Serfdom, The Little Divergence, Market Development, Income Inequality

Research

I am a quantitative economic historian. I specialise in quantification and analysis of economic development in historical perspective. My expertise is in quantitative analyses of the role of markets and institutions in long-term economic growth. I aim to understand the role state formation and market development have played in the economic development of East Central Europe.  In order to reach this objective, I have already constructed long-term series of real wages, GDP, and market conditions in Poland between the late middle ages and the early 19th century. This investigation revealed that the Polish economy expanded in the late middle ages and the 16th century but then contracted in the 17th and 18th centuries. Further, I put forth the hypothesis that the economic contraction might have been a result of market segmentation. Building on a large body of price data, I showed that market conditions in Poland were improving in the 16th century but then declined in the 17th and 18th centuries. I proposed that the market crisis affected Polish economic development via two channels. First, the market segmentation led to an increase in the Malthusian pressure and, subsequently, to the decline in real wages. Second, I demonstrated that the adverse market conditions reinforced serfdom, which in the short term made the urban sector more resilient to the adverse conditions, but in the long term consigned the region to backwardness.

I aim to continue my research on the interplay between markets and institutions, I wish to conduct quantitative comparative research on the role of parliamentarian activity in market development in early modern Europe. By comparing Britain and Poland I aim to identify if divergent trends in state formation could have been one of the causes of the dissimilar economic development of the two countries. This can be done by analysing links between the frequency and duration of parliamentary proceedings (a state-of-the-art and internationally-recognised measure of state formation), price convergences/volatility, and GDP in both countries. The role of inclusive political institutions in fostering economic growth is currently one of the main research topics in economics and economic history. It has been hypothesized that the rise of the Parliament after the Glorious Revolution was beneficial for British economic development. Theoretically, political centralisation is supposed to limit transaction costs between various regions of a country by mitigating the ‘prisoner dilemma’ and ‘moral hazard’ problems. In order to reinforce this claim empirically, I wish to test if the political devolution in Poland that occurred in the 17th century was a direct cause of the simultaneous market segmentation.

Professional work

In 2013, I founded WEast: The Eastern European Economic History Initiative.In just a few years,I have built a vast international network of scholars. Together with my colleagues, I have developed a well-established series of periodic workshops in economic and social history. Thus far, I have co-organized workshops in Warsaw, Belgrade, Budapest, Berlin (European Historical Economics Society Summer School), Prague, and Moscow. The high international profile of the workshop series has already attracted numerous prominent keynote speakers like Stephen Broadberry, Tracy Dennison, Leandro Prados de la Escosura, Branko Milanović, Şevket Pamuk, James Robinson, Max Schulze, Nikolaus Wolf, and Jan Luiten van Zanden. Moreover, I have organised numerous sessions at major international conferences in the field such as the European Social Science History Conference in Vienna and Valencia as well as the World Economic History Congress in Kyoto. I have built and continue editing the Eastern European Economic History Hub, a virtual platform that connects scholars interested in the topic. I am also a guest editor in the speical issue of the Economic History of Developing Regions devoted to economic history of the region.

Recent research outputs

Mikołaj Malinowski & Luiten van Zanden, J. 2016 Oct 19 In : Cliometrica. 11, 3, 30 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mikołaj Malinowski 2016 Sep In : Economic History of Developing Regions. 31, 2-3, p. 253-276

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

View All (9)