A coupled carbon and water flux model to predict vegetation structure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A coupled carbon and water flux model (BIOME2) captures the broad-scale environmental controls on the natural distribution of vegetation structural and phenological types in Australia. Model input consists of latitude, soil type, and mean monthly climate (temperature, precipitation, and sunshine hours) data on a 1/10 degrees grid. Model output consists of foliage projective cover (FPC) for the quantitative combination of plant types that maximizes net primary production (NPP). The model realistically simulates changes in FPC along moisture gradients as a consequence of the trade-off between light capture and water stress. A two-layer soil hydrology model also allows simulation of the competitive balance between grass and woody vegetation including the strong effects of soil texture.


  • Axel Haxeltine
  • Prentice I. Colin
  • Ian David Creswell
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Ecology


  • potential vegetation, plant type, net primary productivity, map comparison, foliage projective cover, Australia, climate change, soil texture
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-666
JournalJournal of Vegetation Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1996
Publication categoryResearch
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Ecology (Closed 2011) (011006010)

Related research output

Haxeltine, A., 1996, Plant Ecology and Systematics, Lund University. 22 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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