Access to Basic Human rights for persons with disability using prosthetic and orthotic devices in Sierra Leone

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TY - CONF

T1 - Access to Basic Human rights for persons with disability using prosthetic and orthotic devices in Sierra Leone

AU - Magnusson,Lina

PY - 2016/8/21

Y1 - 2016/8/21

N2 - Background: Sierra Leone is a low income country in West Africa that has a history of conflict. Sierra Leone have signed and ratified the Convention of Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Aim: To evaluate persons with disability that use prosthetic and orthotic assistive devices access to human rights. The addressed areas were; right to health, right to a standard of living adequate for health, right to vote, right to marry and found a family, right to education, right to work and. A further aim was to compare groups of participants regarding gender, area of residence, income and type and level of device. Methods: Questionnaires were used to collect self-reported data from 139 prosthetic and orthotic users in Sierra Leone. Results: About half of the patient considered their overall physical health as good or very good. Thirty-seven percent of the participants said their mental health is bad or very bad. The majority said they did not have access to medical care and the most common reason given was that they could not afford doctors fee. The orthotic users reported they required medical care outside home more often than the prosthetic users. About half of the participants could not access afford medication when they needed it. About half of the participants had regularly access to safe drinking water and only 10% had the possibility to eat three times a day. The majority had a reasonably or adequate house to live. Half of the participants were married and 70% had children. Almost all reported that they could vote if they wanted. About half were working but often self-employed with small business. Sixty percent could read and write. Discussion & Conclusion: There was still a need for significant progress in increased access to medical care and medication when needed for persons with lower limb physical disability in Sierra Leone. Increased access to food and clean water to facilitate an acceptable standard of living adequate for health were also necessary in order to strive towards implementing the rights to health for persons with disability.

AB - Background: Sierra Leone is a low income country in West Africa that has a history of conflict. Sierra Leone have signed and ratified the Convention of Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Aim: To evaluate persons with disability that use prosthetic and orthotic assistive devices access to human rights. The addressed areas were; right to health, right to a standard of living adequate for health, right to vote, right to marry and found a family, right to education, right to work and. A further aim was to compare groups of participants regarding gender, area of residence, income and type and level of device. Methods: Questionnaires were used to collect self-reported data from 139 prosthetic and orthotic users in Sierra Leone. Results: About half of the patient considered their overall physical health as good or very good. Thirty-seven percent of the participants said their mental health is bad or very bad. The majority said they did not have access to medical care and the most common reason given was that they could not afford doctors fee. The orthotic users reported they required medical care outside home more often than the prosthetic users. About half of the participants could not access afford medication when they needed it. About half of the participants had regularly access to safe drinking water and only 10% had the possibility to eat three times a day. The majority had a reasonably or adequate house to live. Half of the participants were married and 70% had children. Almost all reported that they could vote if they wanted. About half were working but often self-employed with small business. Sixty percent could read and write. Discussion & Conclusion: There was still a need for significant progress in increased access to medical care and medication when needed for persons with lower limb physical disability in Sierra Leone. Increased access to food and clean water to facilitate an acceptable standard of living adequate for health were also necessary in order to strive towards implementing the rights to health for persons with disability.

KW - disability

KW - prosthetic and orthotic devices

KW - Sierra leone

UR - http://congres2016.fatoafrique.org/fr/

M3 - Abstract

ER -