Analysis of β-glucan molar mass from barley malt and brewer's spent grain with asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) and their association to proteins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

β-Glucan benefits are related with its molar mass and it would be of interest to better understand how this parameter can be changed by processing and variety for design of food with specific health effects. For this purpose, extracts from barley malts and brewers' spent grain, processed at different conditions, were analysed regarding β-glucan content, molar mass, and protein content. Molar mass distribution was assessed using asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) with multiangle light scattering (MALS), differential refractive index (dRI) and fluorescence (FL) detection. β-Glucan was detected in a wide molar mass range, <2000 to approximately 6.7 × 106 g/mol. Differences in molar masses were more noticeable between barley varieties and steeping malting conditions than by mashing of malt. Barley products processed to preserve β-glucan contained more β-glucan of high molar mass with potential to shift the fermentation site to the distal colon. Enzymatic degradation of proteins indicated presence of aggregates containing β-glucan and protein.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Guelph Food Research Centre
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Food Engineering

Keywords

  • Asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation (AF4), Calcofluor, Colonic health, Multiangle light scattering (MALS), Protein-carbohydrate complexes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-549
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume157
StatePublished - 2017 Feb 10
Peer-reviewedYes