Cereal Byproducts Have Prebiotic Potential in Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet

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Abstract

Barley husks, rye bran, and a fiber residue from oat milk production were processed by heat pretreatment, various separation steps, and treatment with an endoxylanase in order to improve the prebiotic potential of these cereal byproducts. Metabolic functions were intended to improve along with improved microbial activity. The products obtained were included in a high-fat mouse diet so that all diets contained 5% dietary fiber. In addition, high-fat and low-fat controls as well as partially hydrolyzed guar gum were included in the study. The soluble fiber product obtained from rye bran caused a significant increase in the bifidobacteria (log copies of 16S rRNA genes; median (25−75 percentile): 6.38 (6.04−6.66) and 7.47 (7.30−7.74), respectively; p < 0.001) in parallel with a tendency of increased production of propionic acid and indications of improved metabolic function compared with high-fat fed control mice. The oat-derived product caused an increase in the pool of cecal propionic (from 0.62 ± 0.12 to 0.94 ± 0.08) and butyric acid (from 0.38 ± 0.04 to 0.60 ± 0.04) compared with the high-fat control, and it caused a significant increase in lactobacilli (log copies of 16S rRNA genes; median (25−75 percentile): 6.83 (6.65−7.53) and 8.04 (7.86−8.33), respectively; p < 0.01) in the cecal mucosa. However, no changes in measured metabolic parameters were observed by either oat or barley products.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries

Keywords

  • dietary fiber , C57BL/6 mice, gut microbiota, short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), xylanase
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8169-8178
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume62
Issue number32
StatePublished - 2014 Aug
Peer-reviewedYes

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