Characteristics of contractile 5-HT receptors in isolated human omental arteries: presence of 5-HT1 and 5-HT2 receptors

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Abstract

5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) has a variety of biological effects, e.g. it induces and modulates vascular smooth muscle activity. The effects are mainly mediated via a hetergenous group of 5-HT receptor subtypes. In order to elucidate the 5-HT receptor mechanisms in the human splanchnic circulation, in vitro studies were carried out on omental arteries obtained from patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Four 5-HT receptor agonists with different selectivity all induced concentration-dependent contraction (potency and order of potency indicated): 5-HT (non-selective; 6.12 +/- 0.14)=sumatriptan (5-HT1; 6.32 +/- 0.07) > alpha-methyl-5-HT (5-HT2; 5.41 +/- 0.05) > 2-methyl-5-HT (5-HT3; < or =4.46+/-0.05). The 5-HT1/5-HT2 receptor antagonist methiothepin antagonised the contraction induced by 5-HT, sumatriptan, alpha-methyl-5-HT and 2-methyl-5-HT. The 5-HT2 receptor antagonist ketanserin antagonised the contraction induced by 5-HT, alpha-methyl-5-HT and 2-methyl-5-HT. The 5-HT3 receptor antagonist tropisetron did not antagonise the contraction elicited by 2-methyl-5-HT. The results suggest that 5-HT-induced conataction in human omental arteries involves both 5-HT1 and 5-HT2, but maybe not 5-HT3-receptors.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
  • Infectious Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-54
JournalPharmacology and Toxicology
Volume78
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes