Characterization of a family 43 β-xylosidase from the xylooligosaccharide utilizing putative probiotic Weissella sp. strain 92.

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In this work we present the first XOS degrading glycoside hydrolase from Weissella, WXyn43, a two-domain enzyme from GH43. The gene was amplified from genomic DNA of the XOS utilizing Weissella strain 92, classified under the species pair Weissella cibaria/W.confusa, and expressed in Escherichia coli. The enzyme is lacking a putative signal peptide and is, from a homology model, shown to be composed of an N-terminal 5-fold ß-propeller catalytic domain and a C-terminal ß-sandwich domain of unknown function. WXyn43 hydrolysed short (1-4)-β-D-xylooligosaccharides, with similar kcat/KM for Xylobiose (X2) and xylotriose (X3) and clearly lower efficiency in xylotetraose (X4) conversion. WXyn43 displays the highest reported kcat for conversion of X3 (900 s(-1) at 37°C) and X4 (770 s(-1)), and kcat for hydrolysis of X2 (907 s(-1)) is comparable to or greater than the highest previously reported. The purified enzyme adopted a homotetrameric state in solution, while a truncated form with isolated N-terminal catalytic domain adopted a mixture of oligomeric states and lacked detectable activity. The homology model shows that residues from both domains are involved in monomer-monomer hydrogen bonds, while the bonds creating dimer-dimer interactions only involved residues from the N-terminal domain. Docking of X2 and X3 in the active site show interactions corresponding to sub-sites -1 and +1, while presence of a third subsite is unclear, but interactions between a loop and the reducing-end xylose of X3 may be present.


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  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-202
Issue number2
Early online date2015 Oct 22
StatePublished - 2015

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