Dietary total antioxidant capacity and gastric cancer risk in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A high intake of dietary antioxidant compounds has been hypothesized to be an appropriate strategy to reduce gastric cancer (GC) development. We investigated the effect of dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in relation to GC in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC) study including 23 centers in 10 European countries. A total of 521,457 subjects (153,447 men) aged mostly 3570 years old, were recruited largely between 1992 and 1998. Ferric reducing antioxidant potential (FRAP) and total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP), measuring reducing and chain-breaking antioxidant capacity were used to measure dietary TAC from plant foods. Dietary antioxidant intake is associated with a reduction in the risk of GC for both FRAP (adjusted HR 0.66; 95%CI (0.460.95) and TRAP (adjusted HR 0.61; 95%CI (0.430.87) (highest vs. lowest quintile). The association was observed for both cardia and noncardia cancers. A clear effect was observed in smokers with a significant reduction in GC risk for the fifth quintile of intake for both assays (highest vs. lowest quintile: adjusted HR 0.41; 95%CI (0.220.76) p for trend <0.001 for FRAP; adjusted HR 0.52; 95%CI (0.280.97) p for trend <0.001 for TRAP) but not in nonsmokers. In former smokers, the association with FRAP intake was statistically significant (highest vs. lowest quintile: adjusted HR 0.4; 95%CI (0.210.75) p < 0.05); no association was observed for TRAP. Dietary antioxidant capacity intake from different sources of plant foods is associated with a reduction in the risk of GC.

Details

Authors
  • Mauro Serafini
  • Paula Jakszyn
  • Leila Lujan-Barroso
  • Antonio Agudo
  • H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita
  • Franzel J. B. van Duijnhoven
  • Mazda Jenab
  • Carmen Navarro
  • Domenico Palli
  • Heiner Boeing
  • Mattijs E. Numans
  • Fatima Carneiro
  • Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault
  • Francoise Clavel-Chapelon
  • Sophie Morois
  • Sara Grioni
  • Salvatore Panico
  • Rosario Tumino
  • Carlotta Sacerdote
  • Jose Ramon Quiros
  • Esther Molina-Montes
  • Jose M. Huerta Castano
  • Aurelio Barricarte
  • Pilar Amiano
  • Kay-Tee Khaw
  • Nicholas Wareham
  • Naomi E. Allen
  • Timothy J. Key
  • Suzanne M. Jeurnink
  • Petra H. M. Peeters
  • Christina Bamia
  • Elisabeth Valanou
  • Antonia Trichopoulou
  • Rudolf Kaaks
  • Annekatrin Lukanova
  • Manuela M. Bergmann
  • Bjorn Lindkvist
  • Roger Stenling
  • Ingegerd Johansson
  • Christina C. Dahm
  • Kim Overvad
  • Majken Jensen
  • Anja Olsen
  • Anne Tjonneland
  • Eiliv Lund
  • Sabina Rinaldi
  • Dominique Michaud
  • Traci Mouw
  • Elio Riboli
  • Carlos A. Gonzalez
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cancer and Oncology

Keywords

  • longitudinal studies, antioxidant capacity, diet, stomach cancer
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E544-E554
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume131
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2012
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Surgery Research Unit (013242220), Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200)