Effect of substrate and cellulase concentration on simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of steam-pretreated softwood for ethanol production

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Abstract

Economic optimization of the production of ethanol by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) requires knowledge about the influence of substrate and enzyme concentration on yield and productivity. Although SSF has been investigated extensively, the optimal conditions for SSF of softwoods have yet not been determined. In this study, SO2-impregnated and steam-pretreated spruce was used as substrate for the production of ethanol by SSF. Commercial enzymes were used in combination with the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The effects of the concentration of substrate (2% to 10% w/w) and of cellulases (5 to 32 FPU/g cellulose) were investigated. SSF was found to be sensitive to contamination because lactic acid was produced. The ethanol yield increased with increasing cellulase loading. The highest ethanol yield, 68% of the theoretical based on the glucose and mannose present in the original wood, was obtained at 5% substrate concentration. This yield corresponds to 82% of the theoretical based on the cellulose and soluble glucose and mannose present at the start of SSF. A higher substrate concentration caused inefficient fermentation, whereas a lower substrate concentration, 2%, resulted in increased formation of lactic acid, which lowered the yield. Compared with separate hydrolysis and fermentation, SSF gave a higher yield and doubled the productivity. (C) 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Engineering

Keywords

  • simultaneous saccharification and fermentation, (SSF), softwood, ethanol, fermentation, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, inhibition
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-210
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume68
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000
Peer-reviewedYes