Experimental and theoretical results of a humidification tower in an evaporative gas turbine cycle pilot plant

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding


The Evaporative Gas Turbine Pilot Plant has been in operation at Lund Institute of Technology in Sweden since 1997. In this cycle low-grade heat in the flue gases is utilized for water evaporation into the compressed air in the humidification tower. This result in, amongst others, power augmentation, efficiency increase and lower emissions. This article presents the experimental and theoretical results of the humidification tower, in which simultaneous heat and mass transfer occurs. A theoretical model has been established for the simultaneous heat and mass transfer occurring in the humidification tower and it has been validated with experiments. The humidification tower in the pilot plant can be operated at several operating conditions. An after-cooler makes it possible to chill the compressor discharge air before entering the humidification tower. The saturation temperature of the incoming compressed air can thereby be varied from 62 to 105°C at the operating pressure of 8 bar(a). It has been shown that the air and water can be calculated throughout the column in a satisfactory way. The height of the column can be estimated with an error of 10% compared with measurements. The results from the model are most sensitive of the properties of the diffusion coefficient, viscosity and thermal conductivity due to the complexity of the polar gas mixture of water and air.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering


  • Evaporative gas turbine cycle pilot plant, Humidification tower
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, International Gas Turbine Institute, Turbo Expo (Publication) IGTI
PublisherAmerican Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Volume2 A
StatePublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch
EventProceedings of the ASME TURBO Expo 2002:Controls, Diagnostics, and Instrumentation, Cycle Innovations, Marine, Oil and Gas Applications - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 2002 Jun 32002 Jun 6

Publication series

Volume2 A


ConferenceProceedings of the ASME TURBO Expo 2002:Controls, Diagnostics, and Instrumentation, Cycle Innovations, Marine, Oil and Gas Applications