Film Extrusion and Film Weldability of Poly(lactic acid) Plasticized with Triacetine and Tributyl Citrate.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Film extrusion and welding of biodegradable polymer films are important processes that must be considered in the development of compostable packaging materials. Film extrusion of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) has proved to be rather difficult because of its brittleness, but the flexibility of PLA can be improved by incorporation of a plasticizer in the material. PLA was plasticized with triacetine (TAc) and tributyl citrate (TbC). The blended materials and neat PLA were film extruded and the films were welded with constant heat (CH) welding. The films were analyzed by means of gas chromatography (GC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), gel permeation chromatography (GPC), contact angle measurements, and tensile testing. Storage of the plasticized films resulted in an increased crystallinity and changes in the film properties, rendering CH welding difficult. The welding process had no influence on thermal properties, such as cold crystallization temperature, melting temperature, crystallization temperature, and degree of crystallinity, of neat PLA but caused significant changes in the crystallinity of the plasticized materials. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


  • Nadia Ljungberg
  • T Andersson
  • Bengt Wesslén
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Sciences


  • ageing, welding, thermal properties, processing
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3239-3247
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number14
StatePublished - 2003
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Polymer and Materials Chemistry (LTH) (011001041)