Hyperfine Interaction, Zeeman and Stark Effects for Excited States in Cesium

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Abstract

Our previous measurements in the P and D series in 133 Cs have been extended to a number of higher lying levels, populated in a two-step excitation process involving an rf lamp and a CW dye laser. The D states were studied with the level-crossing technique, while the optical-double-resonance method was used for the investigation of the P states. For the magnetic dipole interaction constant a , the Landé g J factor, and the tensor polarizability α 2 we obtain 12 2 P 3/2 : a = 1.10(3) MHz, g J = 1.3340(15) 13 2 P 3/2 : a = 0.77(5) MHz, g J = 1.3337(20) 7 2 D 3/2 : | a | = 7.4(2) MHz 14 2 D 3/2 : | a | = 0.425(7) MHz 15 2 D 3/2 : | a | = 0.325(8) MHz 16 2 D 3/2 : | a | = 0.255(12) MHz 17 2 D 3/2 : | a | = 0.190(12) MHz 18 2 D 3/2 : | a | = 0.160(10) MHz 13 2 D 5/2 : α 2 = 19(1) GHz/(kV/cm) 2 14 2 D 5/2 : α 2 = 37(2) GHz/(kV/cm) 2 15 2 D 5/2 : α 2 = 70(4) GHz/(kV/cm) 2 16 2 D 5/2 : α 2 = 120(6) GHz/(kV/cm) 2 17 2 D 5/2 : α 2 = 199(10) GHz/(kV/cm) 2 18 2 D 5/2 : α 2 = 323(16) GHz/(kV/cm) 2 Ab initio calculations of many-body perturbation type, including polarization effects to all orders, have been performed in order to obtain theoretical values of the hyperfine structure constants. The resulting a factors are listed together with the corresponding experimental values for most S, P , and D states in 133 Cs measured so far. The discrepancy between the experimental and theoretical values is mainly due to the omission of the correlation effect, which is essentially as important as the polarization effect. Still, for the D states the polarization effect is large enough to yield negative values for all the 2 D 5/2 states, which is in accordance with the experimental results. Semiempirical values of the a factors have also been obtained using the Fermi-Segré-Goudsmit formula, and the results are compared with the experimental values. The measured values of α 2 agree well with values calculated with the Coulomb approximation due to Bates and Damgaard.

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  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
JournalPhysica Scripta
Volume14
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 1976
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes