Influence of Graphene on Charge Transfer between CoPc and Metals: The Role of Graphene-Substrate Coupling
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The electronic structure of cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc) on Pt(111), graphene/Pt(111), and Au-intercalated graphene/Ni(111) is investigated by photoexcited electron spectroscopies: photoemission (XPS and UPS) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS or NEXAFS). For CoPc on Pt(111), significant changes of the shape of XPS and XAS spectra indicate a charge transfer from the metal substrate to the Co ion of CoPc. The strong interaction between CoPc and Pt(111) can be completely prevented by the insertion of a graphene buffer layer. For CoPc on graphene/Ni(111), the charge transfer is only prevented if the graphene on Ni(111) is intercalated by gold. Therefore, the disturbance of the graphene electronic structure by the interaction with underlying substrate and the corresponding charge doping of graphene has been found to affect the electronic properties of adsorbed CoPc considerably.