King’s Parkinson’s Disease Pain Scale: Interkulturelle Adaption in deutscher Sprache

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Pain is a frequent symptom of idiopathic Parkinson’s disease and has a substantial impact on quality of life. The King’s Parkinson’s disease pain scale (KPPS) has become internationally established and is an English-language, standardized, reliable and valid scale for evaluation of pain in idiopathic Parkinson’s disease. This article presents a validated version in German. Method: The German translation was adapted interculturally and developed using an internationally recognized procedure in consultation with the authors of the original publication. The primary text was first translated by two bilingual neuroscientists independently of one another. Thereafter, the two versions were collated to generate a consensus version, which was accepted by the translators and preliminarily trialled with 10 patients. Hereafter, the German version was re-translated back into English by two other neurologists, again independently of one another, and a final consensus was agreed on using these versions. This English version was then compared with the original text by all of the translators, a process which entailed as many linguistic modifications to the German version as the translators considered necessary to generate a linguistically acceptable German version that was as similar as possible to the original English version. After this test text had been subsequently approved by the authors, the German text was applied to 50 patients in two hospitals, and reviewed as to its practicability and comprehensibility. Results: This work led to the successful creation of an inter-culturally adapted and linguistically validated German version of the KPPS. Discussion: The German version presented here is a useful scare for recording and quantifying pain in empirical studies, as well as in clinical practice.


  • W. H. Jost
  • A Rizos
  • P. Odin
  • Matthias Löhle
  • A. Storch
External organisations
  • University Medical Center Freiburg
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Central Hospital Bremerhaven
  • University of Rostock
  • King's College London
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurology


  • Pain, Pain scale, Parkinson’s disease, Translation, Validation
Translated title of the contributionKing’s Parkinson’s disease pain scale : Intercultural adaptation in the German language
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)178-183
Issue number2
Early online date2017 Apr 25
StatePublished - 2018