Pickering emulsifiers based on hydrophobically modified small granular starches Part II – Effects of modification on emulsifying capacity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Small granular starches from rice, quinoa, and amaranth were modified with octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) at 5 defined intervals (0–3.0%) and investigated with respect to emulsifying capacity and stability. Starch granule surfaces were characterized by Brunauer–Emmett–Teller and contact angle measurements. Emulsifying capacity was characterized by multiple light scattering (MLS) and particle size analysis. Stability towards environmental stress was characterized by centrifugation and MLS. Surface hydrophobicity and emulsifying capacity correlated with starch type and modification level. Quinoa stabilized emulsions had the smallest droplet size (e.g. 59.2 μm at 3.0% OSA) and superior stability, both before and after centrifugation, especially at the lowest modification levels. Rice and amaranth had larger droplets (99.8 and 84.1 μm at 3.0% OSA respectively). Amaranth, despite its small size showed poorer performance than quinoa, especially at lower modification levels. The higher emulsifying efficiency of quinoa starch granules attributed to the higher protein content.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • University of Oviedo
  • Max Rubner-Institut
  • Lund University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Polymer Technologies
  • Food Engineering

Keywords

  • Amaranth, OSA, Pickering emulsions, Quinoa, Rice, Starch granules
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-424
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume201
StatePublished - 2018 Dec 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes