Prevention of Adhesions by PL/PG after Adhesiolysis

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Abstract

Background: Previous studies of differently charged polypeptides, Poly-L-lysine (PL) and Poly-L-Glutamate (PG) have shown promising results, reducing postoperative adhesions. This study aimed to investigate the possible anti adhesion effect of those combined polypeptides, after adhesiolys. The concentration of tPA, PAI-1 and active TGFb1 in biopsies from adhesions, unharmed peritoneum before and after adhesiolysis, was also investigated.
Materials and methods: A total of 24 male rats were divided in three groups A (N=8), B (N=8) and C (N=8). All rats underwent primary adhesion creating surgery at day 0, and adhesiolysis at day 7. Adhesions were evaluated at day 7 and 14, where group B received PL/PG after surgery at day 0 and after adhesiolysis at day 7, and group C received PL/PG after adhesiolysis at day 7. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1(PAI-1) and active transforming growth factor beta 1(TGF-β1) were collected from biopsies of adhesions and normal peritoneum at day 0, 7 and 14.
Results: Significant reduction of adhesions p<0.05 was seen in group B at day 7 after primary surgery, and at day 14 after adhesiolysis. Significantly p<0.05 reduction of adhesions was seen at day 14 after adhesiolysis in group C. Some variations were seen in tPA, PAI-1 and active TGFb1.
Conclusions: PL/PG may be used to prevent adhesion formation after adhesiolysis. The process of fibrinolysis and fibrosis was not affected, after PL/PG prophylaxis and adhesiolysis.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Surgery

Keywords

  • Abdominal adhesions, Prevention, Polypeptides, Adhesiolysis
Original languageEnglish
Volume3
Issue number4
Specialist publication or newspaperJournal of Tissue Science & Engineering
StatePublished - 2012
Publication categoryPopular science