Standardized computer-based organized reporting of EEG: SCORE - Second version

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Standardized terminology for computer-based assessment and reporting of EEG has been previously developed in Europe. The International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology established a taskforce in 2013 to develop this further, and to reach international consensus. This work resulted in the second, revised version of SCORE (Standardized Computer-based Organized Reporting of EEG), which is presented in this paper. The revised terminology was implemented in a software package (SCORE EEG), which was tested in clinical practice on 12,160 EEG recordings. Standardized terms implemented in SCORE are used to report the features of clinical relevance, extracted while assessing the EEGs. Selection of the terms is context sensitive: initial choices determine the subsequently presented sets of additional choices. This process automatically generates a report and feeds these features into a database. In the end, the diagnostic significance is scored, using a standardized list of terms. SCORE has specific modules for scoring seizures (including seizure semiology and ictal EEG patterns), neonatal recordings (including features specific for this age group), and for Critical Care EEG Terminology. SCORE is a useful clinical tool, with potential impact on clinical care, quality assurance, data-sharing, research and education.


  • Sándor Beniczky
  • Harald Aurlien
  • Jan C. Brøgger
  • Lawrence J. Hirsch
  • Donald L. Schomer
  • Eugen Trinka
  • Ronit M. Pressler
  • Richard Wennberg
  • Gerhard H. Visser
  • Monika Eisermann
  • Beate Diehl
  • Ronald P. Lesser
  • Peter W. Kaplan
  • Sylvie Nguyen The Tich
  • Jong Woo Lee
  • Antonio Martins-da-Silva
  • Hermann Stefan
  • Miri Neufeld
  • Guido Rubboli
  • Martin Fabricius
  • Elena Gardella
  • Daniella Terney
  • Pirgit Meritam
  • Tom Eichele
  • Eishi Asano
  • Fieke Cox
  • Walter van Emde Boas
  • Ruta Mameniskiene
  • Petr Marusic
  • Jana Zárubová
  • Friedhelm C. Schmitt
  • Anders Fuglsang-Frederiksen
  • Akio Ikeda
  • David B. MacDonald
  • Kiyohito Terada
  • Yoshikazu Ugawa
  • Dong Zhou
  • Susan T. Herman
External organisations
  • Aarhus University
  • Haukeland University Hospital
  • Yale University
  • Harvard University
  • University of Toronto
  • Stichting Epilepsie Instellingen Nederland
  • Paris Descartes University
  • University College London
  • Johns Hopkins Hospital
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
  • Lille University Hospital
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital / Harvard Medical School
  • University of Porto
  • University Hospital Erlangen
  • Tel-Aviv University
  • University of Copenhagen
  • Copenhagen University Hospital
  • University of Southern Denmark
  • Dianalund Epilepsy Hospital
  • Wayne State University
  • Vilnius University
  • University Hospital Motol
  • Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg
  • Kyoto University
  • King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre
  • National Epilepsy Center, Shizuoka Institute of Epilepsy and Neurological Disorders
  • Fukushima Medical University
  • Sichuan University
  • Paracelsus Private Medical University of Salzburg
  • Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology


  • Clinical assessment, Database, EEG, Report, Standardized, Terminology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2334-2346
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number11
Early online date2017 Aug 9
StatePublished - 2017