A platform for phenotypic discovery of therapeutic antibodies and targets applied on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Development of antibody drugs against novel targets and pathways offers great opportunities to improve current cancer treatment. We here describe a phenotypic discovery platform enabling efficient identification of therapeutic antibody-target combinations. The platform utilizes primary patient cells throughout the discovery process and includes methods for differential phage display cell panning, high-throughput cell-based specificity screening, phenotypic in vitro screening, target deconvolution, and confirmatory in vivo screening. In this study the platform was applied on cancer cells from patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia resulting in discovery of antibodies with improved cytotoxicity in vitro compared to the standard of care, the CD20-specific monoclonal antibody rituximab. Isolated antibodies were found to target six different receptors on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia cells; CD21, CD23, CD32, CD72, CD200, and HLA-DR of which CD32, CD200, and HLA-DR appeared as the most potent targets for antibody-based cytotoxicity treatment. Enhanced antibody efficacy was confirmed in vivo using a patient-derived xenograft model.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • BioInvent International AB
  • Hansa Medical AB
  • Skåne University Hospital
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cancer och onkologi
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftJCO Precision Oncology
Volym2
Utgivningsnummer1
StatusPublished - 2018 dec 1
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa