One of the most important characteristics of writing is that the text stays visible and thus accessible throughout the production process. In this project we use text logging combined with eye tracking to investigate how feedback from the emerging text influences the writing processes as well as the finished text and how these characteristics varies during the writing process across individuals.
One of the most important characteristics of writing is that the text stays visible and thus accessible throughout the production process. Most models of text production include a component of writing, but in our earlier research we found that writers read very little of the time they look at the text. The aim of the present study is to investigate how feedback from the emerging text influences the writing processes as well as the finished text, in both handwriting and typing, and how these relationships vary across individual characteristics, such as working memory capacity and writing fluency. This is a new research field and the project will draw on knowledge, methods and techniques developed in our previous research, which combined keystroke logging with eye tracking.
By adding a so-called triple task design, where writers are trained to categorize the subprocesses of the text production process (such as planning, translation, reviewing and editing) when prompted to, we will be able to investigate the interplay between gaze behavior and certain cognitive processes. Four types of analyses will be carried out and related to each other: (a) holistic and detailed linguistic analyses of the finished texts, (b) analyses of gaze behavior, (c) analyses of the process data generated both by the logging software and the triple task, and finally (d) bottom-up analyses of linguistic relations in the emerging texts based on eye movements between different parts of the text.