Project Details


Push-pull technology is a major discovery with high potential to increase food security and agricultural sustainability in East African smallholder farms. In project UPSCALE, we aim to scale up understanding and applicability of push-pull from individual fields to farm, landscape and regional scales, and from cereal to other crops and cultivation systems. By determining the factors influencing push-pull success across scales, we will enable targeted implementation and prediction of push-pull effectiveness and resilience under current and future climate conditions. Using novel remote sensing methods combined with simulation and empirical approaches, we will develop functional, chemical and sociocultural maps combined with environmental factors for spatial optimization of push-pull expansion at different scales. UPSCALE will test to what extent push-pull systems impact surrounding fields, farms, landscapes and regions, identifying potential feedbacks, non-linearities and socio-economic or ecological thresholds for adoption. Moreover, UPSCALE will explore the options to expand the use of push-pull for sustainable intensification in crops and systems outside cereal in synergy with other tools, and further intensify the system through incorporation of nutritious and high value crops. By harnessing the benefits of push-pull technology across scales and crops, UPSCALE will catalyse the design and widespread implementation of climate smart and environmentally-friendly food production in East Africa and beyond.
Effective start/end date2020/11/012025/10/31

Collaborative partners

  • Lund University
  • Leibniz University of Hannover (lead)
  • International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)
  • Bayerische Forschungsallianz (Bavarian Research Alliance) GmbH
  • East African Farmers Federation Society (EAFF)
  • Jomo-Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization
  • Maseno University
  • Food for the Hungry Association, Switzerland
  • Rwanda Agriculture and Animal Resources Development Board
  • InoSens doo Novi Sad
  • University of KwaZulu-Natal
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala
  • University of Zurich
  • Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI)
  • National Agricultural Research Organization, National Crops Resources Research Institute
  • Institute for Sustainable Development (ISD)
  • Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 2 - Zero Hunger

Free keywords

  • push-pull technology
  • novel push-pull crops
  • dissemination
  • yields
  • multiple scales
  • East Africa