In cytoplasm, protein γ-tubulin joins with various γ-tubulin complex proteins (GCPs) to form a heterotetramer γ-tubulin small complex (γ-TuSC) that can grow into a ring-shaped structure called the γ-tubulin ring complex (γ-TuRC). Both γ-TuSC and γ-TuRC are required for microtubule nucleation. Recent knowledge on γ-tubulin with regard to its cellular functions beyond participation in its creation of microtubules suggests that this protein forms a cellular meshwork. The present review summarizes the recognized functions of γ-tubulin and aims to unite the current views on this protein.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Cell and Molecular Biology