Control of contemporary, multi-joint prosthetic hands is commonly realized by using electromyographic signals from the muscles remaining after amputation at the forearm level. Although this principle is trying to imitate the natural control structure where muscles control the joints of the hand, in practice, myoelectric control provides only basic hand functions to an amputee using a dexterous prosthesis. This study aims to provide an annotated database of high-density surface electromyographic signals to aid the efforts of designing robust and versatile electromyographic control interfaces for prosthetic hands. The electromyographic signals were recorded using 128 channels within two electrode grids positioned on the forearms of 20 able-bodied volunteers. The participants performed 65 different hand gestures in an isometric manner. The hand movements were strictly timed using an automated recording protocol which also synchronously recorded the electromyographic signals and hand joint forces. To assess the quality of the recorded signals several quantitative assessments were performed, such as frequency content analysis, channel crosstalk, and the detection of poor skin-electrode contacts.
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