A heterogeneous model for the MCFC cathode

Eduardo Fontes, Magnus Fontes, Daniel Simonsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A steady state agglomerate model for the MCFC cathode which takes into account the heterogeneous structure of this porous electrode is presented. The resulting model equations are solved by means of the finite element method. Calculations have been performed on two different test structures and include the influence of kinetics, porosity, outer surface area and distribution of electrolyte film. Comparisons with the filmed agglomerate model show that it is possible to obtain excellent agreement between the polarisation curves predicted by the two different models if a uniform film is used in the simulations. The tortuosity in the filmed agglomerate model is used as a fitting parameter. Other effects that evolve in the heterogeneous model due to variations in the local structure are not revealed in the pseudohomogeneous model. The effect of a non-uniform electrolyte film thickness was investigated by solving the problem for a structure with pore mouths filled by an electrolyte meniscus. Also the effect of an electrolyte meniscus between spherical agglomerates was investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1641-1651
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Mathematics


  • fuel cell
  • MCFC
  • gas diffusion electrodes
  • mathematical modelling
  • nickel oxide


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