A long-term follow-up of conduct disorder adolescents into adulthood.

Martin Bergström, Kjell Hansson, Marianne Cederblad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study focuses on young male and female adults (n=290) who were diagnosed with conduct disorder (CD) during adolescence at the inpatient child and adolescent psychiatric unit in Lund, Sweden. Their adulthood is described using seven outcome variables: in custody, crime, illicit drug use, mental health, teenage parenthood, transference income and educational attainment. Together, the seven outcome variables represent a wide perspective of individual life and known risks for both genders. The variables are compared, scaled and described in an outcome that identifies successful outcome. Although this was a severe clinical inpatient group of adolescents, a relatively large number - about a third of the males and close to half of the females - exhibit a successful outcome by their early twenties. This study highlighted the merits use gender-sensitive outcome variables. The take-home message from a societal perspective is that many improvements are needed, a message that has been voiced in several Swedish commissions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-479
JournalNordic Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Psychiatry

Free keywords

  • Adulthood
  • Antisocial behaviour
  • Conduct disorder
  • Follow-up
  • Gender


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