Haemophilia is an X-linked inherited rare bleeding disorder affecting mainly men. The treatment consists of replacement therapy that has been associated with severe side effects, such as blood transmitted viral infections, but has markedly improved over the last decades. The aim of this study was to study family structure over time among Swedish persons with haemophilia (PWH), focusing on children, siblings and marital status. PWH A or B were identified from the haemophilia centres and the national Patient Registry. Each PWH was compared to five age- and gender-matched controls. The national Multi-Generation Registry was used to identify children and siblings. A total of 1365 children with a father suffering from haemophilia A or B and 1938 siblings of the PWH were identified. Having one or more children was significantly less common (P = 0.003) for PWH than for controls. Significantly lower rates of having a child were also found for the subgroups of persons suffering from severe haemophilia and those infected with HIV (P < 0.001). A higher proportion of PWH, with or without HIV and/or viral hepatitis had siblings compared to the controls (P < 0.001). However, the mean number of siblings was significantly lower for persons with severe haemophilia (P = 0.001). The number of marriages and divorces did not differ between PWH and controls. Our data indicate a negative impact of HIV and viral hepatitis on family structure for PWH despite the relatively good access to treatment in Sweden over the last few decades. This was particularly true for those with a severe form of haemophilia.
The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Internal Medicine (013242500), Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200), Clinical Coagulation Research Unit (013242510)