A method to find the optimum routes and stations for Bus Rapid Transit in urban areas

Navid Nadimi, Aliakbar Zamzam, Rosalia Camporeale, Fatemeh Rahmani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Public transportation (PT) is an essential system for cities to achieve sustainability. However, determination of proper locations for PT stations and finding suitable routes are critical decisions. This paper aims to propose a novel method to determine BRT stations and routes in the cities, using Fuzzy Inference System (FIS) and Binary Integer Programming (BIP). In the proposed method, first, a set of potential locations for BRT stations is selected based on engineering judgment. Then, by considering several variables and with the help of FIS, a weight is calculated for each location. Subsequently, the optimum corridors for BRT with BIP are identified. The objective function of the BIP model is to maximize the sum of stations’ weights (involving the most suitable locations for BRT stations), while ensuring that the maximum number of passengers can travel each route. Constraints related to technical, social, and economic considerations are also taken into account. To control the model efficiency, the outputs are compared with the stations and corridor suggested by experts. Based on the results, the most important features of the developed model are its simplicity, its ability to consider various factors, a short running time, and its high level of accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Transport
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2022 Jul 22

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Transport Systems and Logistics


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