A new war on nature and people: Taking stock of the Colombian Peace agreement

Torsten Krause, Nicola Clerici, Jesica López, Paula Andrea Sánchez, Sandra Valencia, Juanita Esguerra-Rezk, Kristina Van Dexter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Colombian peace agreement officially ended one of the world’s longest internal armed conflicts. But the transformation of land use that takes place in the wake of the peace agreement, has made the historic inequalities of access to land more visible and revealed inherent and violent struggles over resources that persist across the country. In this briefing we analyse the current status of peacebuilding in Colombia and highlight the major barriers and challenges in the current peacebuilding efforts. We show how the last years brought severe and negative repercussions for people, communities and the natural environment in Colombia as cattle ranching, ‘productive agriculture’ and extractive industries are increasingly encroaching into indigenous territories, protected areas and forest ecosystems, replacing diverse natural forests that support biodiversity and contribute to human well-being locally and globally. The resurging presence of numerous armed groups seeking to control the profitable drug trade and mineral deposits are a major problem and obstacle for building lasting and sustainable peace among people and with the natural environment in Colombia. We conclude this briefing with points that we see as crucial to support the implementation of the peace agreement.
Original languageEnglish
Article number15
JournalGlobal Sustainability
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

Free keywords

  • peace agreement
  • Colombian Amazon
  • Deforestation
  • environmental stewardship
  • biological diversity
  • cultural diversity

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