A novel PBP3 substitution in Haemophilus influenzae confers reduced aminopenicillin susceptibility

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Identification and characterization of non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) with reduced susceptibility to β-lactam antibiotics due to mutations in penicillin binding protein 3 (PBP3) is a clinical challenge. We analyzed a blood isolate, NTHi93-57485, that was categorized as aminopenicillin resistant but lacked key amino acid substitutions in PBP3 that have previously been associated with reduced aminopenicillin susceptibility. The significance of an alternative amino acid substitution (Y528H) in this isolate was examined.

RESULTS:
Site-directed mutagenesis of a β-lactam susceptible H. influenzae (NTHi3655) was performed to introduce the Y528H substitution into wild-type ftsI (encoding for PBP3). Disc diffusion screening and broth microdilution determination of MICs for β-lactam agents were done with the NTHi3655-PBP3Y528H mutant and were compared with the NTHi3655 wild-type as well as the original clinical isolate NTHi93-57485. Introduction of the Y528H substitution in NTHi3655 resulted in positive screening for β-lactam resistance. MICs for aminopenicillins were increased in the mutant compared to the wild-type. However, the mutant remained susceptible to aminopenicillins according to EUCAST clinical breakpoints (assuming intravenous treatment) and the introduction of Y528H alone did not increase the resistance to the same level as NTHi93-57485. None of the isolates had frame shift insertions in the acrR gene regulating the AcrAB efflux pump.

CONCLUSIONS:
In parallel to the previously well-described PBP3-substitutions R517H and N526K, we demonstrate that Y528H confers reduced aminopenicillin susceptibility.
Original languageEnglish
Article number48
JournalBMC Microbiology
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 31

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Microbiology in the medical area

Keywords

  • Ampicillin
  • ftsI
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • PBP3
  • penicillin binding proteins
  • site directed mutagenesis
  • β-lactam resistance

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