A novel pipe structure for geyser elimination in a vertical cryogenic pipe

Hongwei Mao, Yanzhong Li, Jiaojiao Wang, Yuan Ma, Lei Wang, Bengt Sundén

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the present study, according to the recirculation concept, a new elimination structure for the geyser in a cryogenic pipe is proposed. An eccentric spacer plate is used to stimulate the recirculation inside the cryogenic pipe. The geyser-elimination effect of the proposed structure is then validated and the elimination physics is explored. It is found that the geyser is successfully eliminated by the stimulated recirculation. The main reason for the geyser elimination effect is the breakdown of the energy storage pattern along the axial direction of the pipe. Compared to the conventional structure, the total weight of the pipe system can be reduced by 25% in the new proposed structure. Moreover, the total heat input can also be reduced by as much as 40%. Furthermore, it is found that the system recirculation ability increases with increasing heat flux. The geyser elimination performance is validated to be effective under a wide heat flux range. Most importantly, the length of the bottom gap in the proposed structure has a critical effect on the geyser elimination since the ability to break down the energy storage becomes weaker as the gap length increases. In order to realize the geyser elimination effect, the bottom gap length is recommended to be 200 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121631
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51876153), Research Fund of State Key Laboratory of Technologies in Space Cryogenic Propellants (SKLTSCP1914). The first author is grateful to the China Scholarship Council (CSC) for funding his oversea study (Grant. NO 202006280284).

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Energy Engineering

Free keywords

  • Cryogenic fuels
  • Elimination
  • Geyser
  • Liquid oxygen
  • Recirculation


Dive into the research topics of 'A novel pipe structure for geyser elimination in a vertical cryogenic pipe'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this