A population-based study of patterns of care for muscle-invasive bladder cancer in Sweden

Staffan Jahnson, Ole Damm, Sverker Hellsten, Sten Holmang, Fredrik Liedberg, Borje Ljungberg, Per-Uno Malmstrom, Wiking Månsson, Fredrik Stromberg, Hans Wijkstom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Objective. To analyse the management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer in a population-based national register, and specifically to investigate the role of curative therapy (i.e. cystectomy or radiotherapy) in relation to patient, tumour and hospital characteristics. Material and methods. The Swedish Bladder Cancer Register covers more than 90% of all patients in the country who have been diagnosed with such disease since 1997. Results from 1997-2003 were analysed regarding curative-intent treatment given within 3-6 months of diagnosis of muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Results. In total, 3463 patients with clinical T2-T4 bladder cancer were included in the analysis. Of those patients, 1426 (41%) received curative-intent treatment in the form of radiotherapy (285, 20%) or cystectomy (1141, 80%). Male gender, age 76 years, favourable TNM category and registration at a high-volume hospital were associated with such treatment. Curative-intent treatment was given to significantly more patients registered at high-volume hospitals (1003/2227, 45%) than at low-volume hospitals (423/1235, 34%) (2=37.7, p0.00001). Cystectomy was performed more often in those registered at high-volume than at low-volume hospitals (826/2227, 37%, and 316/1235, 26%, respectively, 2=47.3, p0.00001). Conclusions. Lower rates of curative-intent treatment were found in patients registered at low-volume than at high-volume facilities, and the same was seen when comparing females with males, and patients aged 76-80 years with younger patients. Since many of these bladder cancer patients were registered at and eventually treated at hospitals handling fewer than 10 such cases annually, it seems desirable to concentrate treatment of this disease at more specialized centres.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-276
JournalScandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Urology, Lund (013077000), Urology (013243400)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Urology and Nephrology

Keywords

  • national
  • Bladder cancer
  • curative treatment
  • patterns of care
  • register

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