A potential transmitter architecture for future generation green wireless base station

Vandana Bassoo, Kevin Tom, A.K. Mustafa, Pieternella Cijvat, Henrik Sjöland, Mike Faulkner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (SciVal)


Current radio frequency power amplifiers in 3G base stations have very high power consumption leading to a hefty cost and negative environmental impact. In this paper, we propose a potential architecture design for future wireless base station. Issues associated with components of the architecture are investigated. The all-digital transmitter architecture uses a combination of envelope elimination and restoration (EER) and pulse width modulation(PWM)/ pulse position modulation (PPM). The performance of this architecture is predicted from the measured output power and efficiency curves of a GaN amplifier. 57% efficiency is obtained for an OFDM signal limited to 8dB peak to average power ratio. The PWM/PPM drive signal is generated using the improved Cartesian sigma delta techniques. It is shown that an RF oversampling by a factor of four meets the WLAN spectral mask and WCDMA specification is met by an RF oversampling of sixteen.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
Issue numberdoi:10.1155/2009/821846
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering


  • power consumption
  • transmitter
  • modulation
  • base station


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