A priori modelling of an underground evacuation

Sam Grindrod, Stephen Welch, Karl Fridolf

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceedingpeer-review


“Can an engineer, using a current simulation modelling programs, produce evacuation flow rates of a live emergency evacuation a priori to the analyses of the evacuation?”

The above question is explored with reference to previous pre-evacuation modelling attempts and a new series of “small-scale” underground train evacuation experiments conducted under the METRO research project. METRO is concerned with infrastructure protection, specifically the protection of underground rail mass transport systems, encompassing fire and explosion hazards, evacuation, rescue operations and smoke control. The tests involve evacuation of approximately 40 occupants from a mock- up underground carriage and egress through a smoke-filled tunnel. The evacuation models were created using the Monte-Carlo human behaviour modelling program CRISP. A specific feature was developed to handle the impact of sudden change of height along the egress route. The process and assumptions made during the modelling are examined in order to highlight the issues which affect simulation capabilities and accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication[Host publication title missing]
EditorsJorge A. Capote, Daniel Alvear
PublisherService of Publications (University of Catabria)
ISBN (Print)978-84-86116-46-0
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventAdvanced Research Workshop: Evacuation and Human Behaviour in Emergency Situations, 2011 - Santander, Santander, Spain
Duration: 2011 Oct 212011 Oct 21


ConferenceAdvanced Research Workshop: Evacuation and Human Behaviour in Emergency Situations, 2011
Abbreviated titleEVAC11

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Other Civil Engineering
  • Building Technologies


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