A prospective study of screening for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy at 11-13 weeks in a Scandinavian population

Ragnhild B. Skrastad, Gunhild G. Hov, Harm-Gerd K. Blaas, Pal R. Romundstad, Kjell Salvesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

ObjectiveTo investigate the prediction of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension using maternal characteristics, mean arterial pressure (MAP), uterine artery pulsatility index (UtAPI), pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and placental growth factor (PlGF) at gestational weeks 11-13 in a Scandinavian population with a medium to high prior risk for developing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. DesignProspective screening study. SettingNational Center for Fetal Medicine, Trondheim, Norway. Population579 women who were nulliparous or had a previous history of preeclampsia or gestational hypertension. MethodsWomen were examined between 11(+0) and 13(+6)weeks, with interviews for maternal characteristics and measurements of MAP, UtAPI, PAPP-A and PlGF. The tests were evaluated separately and in combined models with receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves. Main outcome measuresPrediction of preeclampsia, severe preeclampsia and gestational hypertension. ResultsThe best model for severe preeclampsia (MAP+UtAPI+PlGF+PAPP-A) achieved an area under the ROC curve of 0.866 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.756-0.976]. The best models for preeclampsia (MAP+UtAPI+age) achieved 0.738 (0.634-0.841), gestational hypertension (MAP) 0.820 (0.727-0.913) and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy overall (MAP+PlGF+age) 0.783 (0.709-0.856). Using the best model we could identify 61.5% (95% CI 31.6-86.1) of severe preeclampsia, 38.5% (95% CI 20.2-59.4) of preeclampsia and 42.9% (95% CI 21.8-66) of gestational hypertension at a fixed 10% false-positive rate. ConclusionsMaternal characteristics, MAP, UtAPI, PAPP-A and PlGF showed limited value as screening tests. Further research on biochemical and biophysical tests and algorithms combining these parameters is needed before first trimester screening for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is included in antenatal care in Scandinavia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1238-1247
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume93
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine

Keywords

  • Preeclampsia
  • screening
  • first trimester
  • ultrasound
  • Doppler
  • blood
  • pressure
  • biomarkers
  • uterine artery

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