A study of guidelines for respiratory tract infections and their references from Swedish GPs: a qualitative analysis

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Abstract

Background: National guidelines are important instruments in reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions. Low adherence to guidelines is an acknowledged problem that needs to be addressed. Method: We evaluated established characteristics for guidelines in the guidelines for lower respiratory tract infection, acute otitis media and pharyngotonsillitis in primary care. We studied how doctors used these guidelines by analysing interviews with 29 general practitioners (GPs) in Sweden. Results: We found important between-guidelines differences, which we believe affects adherence. The GPs reported persistent preconceptions about diagnosis and treatment, which we believe reduces their adherence to the guidelines. Conclusion: To increase adherence, it is important to consider doctors’ preconceptions when creating new guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-91
Number of pages10
JournalScandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Social and Clinical Pharmacy

Keywords

  • Adherence to guidelines
  • antibiotic prescribing
  • general practice
  • national guidelines
  • respiratory tract infections

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