BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) related diabetes (CFRD) is a common complication of CF. CFRD is associated with declining lung function even before its onset. Regular screening for CFRD using oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is recommended. Additionally, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) has surfaced as a possible surveillance method, but evidence for its use and concordance with OGTT has not been established.
METHODS: Children were prospectively recruited at CF center Lund to undergo both intermittent scan CGM (isCGM) and OGTT. Lung function was evaluated by spirometry and multiple breath washout. Demographic and clinical data were collected from the Swedish national CF registry.
RESULTS: 32 patients participated in the study, yielding 28 pairs of isCGMs and OGTTs. The OGTTs showed that two patients met the criteria of CFRD, seven had impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and indeterminate glycemia (INDET) was found in eleven cases. The isCGM percent of measurements >8mmol/L and the number of peaks per day >11 mmol/L have correlations with intermediate OGTT glucose time points, but not the 2hour glucose value. Patients with abnormal glucose tolerance (AGT) had lower lung function than those with normal glucose tolerance demonstrated by both FEV1% predicted and lung clearance index (LCI).
CONCLUSION: Correlations can be found between isCGM and OGTT in regards to the latter's intermediate time points. LCI demonstrates as well as FEV1% of predicted, worse lung function in children and adolescents with abnormal glucose tolerance in CF.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Endocrinology and Diabetes