Advancing Women Agency in Transitional Justice

Annika Björkdahl, Johanna Mannergren

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper, not in proceedingpeer-review

Abstract

This paper explores the participation, presence and agency of women in the transitional justice processes. We are
concerned with the critical questions of how women agency is enabled and/or constrained in contemporary
transitional justice and peacebuilding processes and how the gendering of agency may affect transformations
towards a gender-just peace. Gendered hierarchies in peacebuilding and transitional justice processes result in
gendered peace gaps and a peace that does not resemble a gender-just peace. Transitional justice enjoys a
particular appeal due to the opportunities it offers to address human rights abuses committed against women and its potentially transformative effect on gender-relations in post-conflict societies. Thus, this paper explores where women are located in the various transitional justice processes and maps what set of dispositions exist in these processes that incline women agents to act/react. More specifically, it investigates the accountability gap, the acknowledgement gap and the reparation gap in post-conflict Bosnia-Herzegovina from a genderperspective. Consequently, the analysis captures attempts by women to exercise creative, critical agency to address these gaps – agency which can be regarded as “transitional justice from below”. Through this analysis we attempt to address blind spots in the critical peacebuilding literature and advance critical thinking about the multifaceted practices of (critical) agency within the gendered hierarchies of transitional justice mechanisms. We conclude that women’s participation in transitional justice and peacebuilding processes is complex, multilayered, and constrained, yet creative.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1-23
Number of pages22
Publication statusUnpublished - 2013
EventGeneral Convention International Studies Association, 2013: The Politics of International Diffusion: Regional and Global Dimensions - San Francisco, San Francisco, United States
Duration: 2013 Apr 32013 Apr 6

Conference

ConferenceGeneral Convention International Studies Association, 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period2013/04/032013/04/06

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Political Science

Keywords

  • gender
  • peacebuilding
  • transitional justice
  • agency
  • gender-just peace

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