Alternative transcript imbalance underlying breast cancer susceptibility in a family carrying PALB2 c.3201+5G>T

Laura Duran-Lozano, Gemma Montalban, Sandra Bonache, Alejandro Moles-Fernández, Anna Tenés, Marta Castroviejo-Bermejo, Estela Carrasco, Adrià López-Fernández, Sara Torres-Esquius, Neus Gadea, Neda Stjepanovic, Judith Balmaña, Sara Gutiérrez-Enríquez, Orland Diez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

PURPOSE: Disruption of splicing motifs by genetic variants can affect the correct generation of mature mRNA molecules leading to aberrant transcripts. In some cases, variants may alter the physiological transcription profile composed of several transcripts, and an accurate in vitro evaluation is crucial to establish their pathogenicity. In this study, we have characterized a novel PALB2 variant c.3201+5G>T identified in a breast cancer family.

METHODS: Peripheral blood RNA was analyzed in two carriers and ten controls by RT-PCR and Sanger sequencing. The splicing profile was also characterized by semi-quantitative capillary electrophoresis and quantitative PCR. RAD51 foci formation and PALB2 LOH status were evaluated in primary breast tumor samples from the carriers.

RESULTS: PALB2 c.3201+5G>T disrupts intron 11 donor splice site and modifies the abundance of several alternative transcripts (∆11, ∆12, and ∆11,12), also present in control samples. All transcripts are predicted to encode for non-functional proteins. Semi-quantitative and quantitative analysis of PALB2 full-length transcript indicated haploinsufficiency in carriers. One tumor exhibited PALB2 LOH and RAD51 assay indicated homologous recombination deficiency in both tumors.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results support a pathogenic classification for PALB2 c.3201+5G>T, highlighting the impact of variants causing an imbalanced expression of natural RNA isoforms in cancer susceptibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-550
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume174
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr
Externally publishedYes

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Medical Genetics

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