Amperometric Flow Injection Analysis of Glucose and Galactose Based on Engineered Pyranose 2-Oxidases and Osmium Polymers for Biosensor Applications

Sevinc Kurbanoglu, Muhammed Nadeem Zafar, Federico Tasca, Iqra Aslam, Oliver Spadiut, Dónal Leech, Dietmar Haltrich, Lo Gorton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

In the present study, wild type and three mutants of pyranose 2-oxidase (PyOx-WT, PyOx-MT1, PyOx-MT2, PyOx-MT3), which showed improved properties for D-galactose oxidation, were investigated for their oxidising ability when immobilised on graphite electrodes. Four different flexible Os polymers with formal potentials ranging between −0.140 and 0.270 V vs. Ag|AgCl0.1 M KCl were applied together with the various forms of PyOx to wire graphite electrodes using polyethylene glycol diglycidyl ether as crosslinking reagent. The pH profiles for the electrodes modified with wild type and all PyOx mutants in combination with the Os polymers were investigated with both glucose and galactose, respectively, since the PyOx variants showed an improved catalytic activity for galactose. All modified electrodes showed highest response in the pH range between 8.5–10 and KM, Imax values for both glucose and galactose were determined. To prove the catalytic activity, the biosensors were also characterized with cyclic voltammetry. A protein amount 0.26 U was found optimum for PyOx-WT, 0.36 U for PyOx-MT1, 0.41 U for PyOx-MT2 and 0.28 U for PyOx-MT3 and the analytical characterization of the enzyme electrodes was performed for glucose and galactose under optimized conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1496-1504
Number of pages9
JournalElectroanalysis
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Industrial Biotechnology

Keywords

  • biofuel cell anode
  • Biosensor
  • galactose
  • glucose
  • osmium redox polymers
  • pyranose oxidase

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