A novel and effective approach for determining mechanics and residual stress when turning a component with curved surfaces is presented in this paper. This predictive approach is based on a three-dimensional analytical model to study the distributed mechanics and residual stress caused by vary cutting condition during the machining process. The variation of uncut chip area in this process can be divided into several stages based on different tool-workpiece contact and the discretization of cutting edge is conducted at an arbitrary tool position. The chip flow direction is calculated through the equilibrium of the incremental interaction forces. The cutting force can be determined by integrating the force components along the cutting edge, with each incremental force component obtained based on a fully analytical model. Distributed heat source intensity is considered to model the temperature rise at an arbitrary point in workpiece. The residual stress in curved surface machining is obtained considering the loading-unloading-relaxation procedure at the engagement of cutting edge and machined surface. Finally, Finite Element (FE) modeling and experiments are performed to validate the correctness and robustness of the analytical model proposed in this paper. The results of predicted chip flow direction, cutting force, temperature, and residual stress show good agreement with the simulated and measured results.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
- Analytical modeling
- Cutting mechanics
- Residual stress