Integrated continuous downstream processes with process analytical technology offer a promising opportunity to reduce production costs and increase process flexibility and adaptability. In this case study, an integrated continuous process was used to purify a recombinant protein on laboratory scale in a two-system setup that can be used as a general downstream setup offering multi-product and multi-purpose manufacturing capabilities. The process consisted of continuous solvent/detergent virus inactivation followed by periodic countercurrent chromatography in the capture step, and a final chromatographic polishing step. A real-time controller was implemented to ensure stable operation by adapting the downstream process to external changes. A concentration disturbance was introduced to test the controller. After the disturbance was applied, the product output recovered within 6 hours, showing the effectiveness of the controller. In a comparison of the process with and without the controller, the product output per cycle increased by 27%, the resin utilization increased from 71.4% to 87.9%, and the specific buffer consumption was decreased by 21% with the controller, while maintaining a similar yield and purity as in the process without the disturbance. In addition, the integrated continuous process outperformed the batch process, increasing the productivity by 95% and the yield by 28%.
- CONTINUOUS VIRUS INACTIVATION
- INTEGRATED CONTINUOUS DOWNSTREAM
- PERIODIC COUNTERCURRENT CHROMATOGRAPHY
- PROCESS ANALYTICAL TECHNOLOGY
- REAL-TIME CONTROL