Animal Slaughter and Religious Nationalism in Bhutan

Mari Miyamoto, Jan Magnusson, Frank Korom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper explores the shifting role of slaughter and meat consumption in Bhutan as a result of the recent religionization of Bhutanese politics and as a case of religious nationalism. It is argued that there is a tension between customary meat consumption and traditional blood sacrifice and the Buddhist non-violent ritual practice of tsethar that is propagated as a central part of modern Bhutanese nationalism and good citizenship. It has created a situation where animal welfare and vegetarianism are dominant in the public discourse while slaughter and meat consumption still continue but as concealed and obscure practices. The paper presents data from ethnographic fieldwork and other sources to demonstrate how this process has played out in practice.
Original languageSwedish
Pages (from-to)121-145
JournalAsian Ethnology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 14

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

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