Articulation in time: Some word-initial segments in Swedish

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

101 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Speech is both dynamic and distinctive at the same time. This implies a certain contradiction which has entertained researchers in phonetics and phonology for decades. The present dissertation assumes that articulation behaves as a function of time, and that we can find phonological structures in the dynamical systems. EMA is used to measure mechanical movements in Swedish speakers. The results show that tonal context affects articulatory coordination. Acceleration seems to divide the movements of the jaw and lips into intervals of postures and active movements. These intervals are affected differently by the tonal context. Furthermore, a bilabial consonant is shorter if the next consonant is also made with the lips. A hypothesis of a correlation between acoustic segment duration and acceleration is presented. The dissertation highlights the importance of time for how speech ultimately sounds. Particularly significant is the combination of articulatory timing and articulatory duration.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
  • Centre for Languages and Literature
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Strömqvist, Sven, Supervisor
  • Ambrazaitis, Gilbert, Assistant supervisor
  • Schötz, Susanne, Supervisor
Award date2020 Oct 23
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-91-89213-20-3
Electronic ISBNs978-91-89213-21-0
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sep 24

Bibliographical note

Defence details
Date: 2020-10-23
Time: 16:00
Place: digitalt via https://lu-se.zoom.us/j/64690134686?pwd=N29HbG1IZ0N4SVJDZllsdHhXM1dXQT09
External reviewer
Name: Donna Erickson
Title: professor
Affiliation: Yale University
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Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • General Language Studies and Linguistics

Keywords

  • acceleration
  • articulation
  • articulography
  • coarticulation
  • EMA
  • gesture
  • phonology
  • prosody
  • speech motor control
  • speech production modelling
  • Swedish
  • word accent
  • tone

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