Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) are effector molecules of the innate immune system. A cross-functionality exists between AMPs and heparin-binding peptides. Here, we show that the peptides QPTRRPRPGTGPGRRPRPRPR-P (QPT22), derived from proline arginine-rich end leucine-rich repeat protein (PRELP) and KRFKQDGGWSHWSPWSS (KRF17) from thrombospondin exert antimicrobial activities against the Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, as well as against the Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis. Analysis by fluorescence microscopy demonstrated that QPT22 and KRF17 bind to bacterial membranes. Particularly QPT22 was found to induce membrane leakage of liposomes. The peptides displayed no hemolytic activities, nor did they exert membrane permeabilising effects on human epithelial cells. Additional peptides derived from heparin-binding regions of laminin, vitronectin, and fibronectin exerted similar antibacterial effects. Several peptides also showed activity against Staphylococcus aureus. Thus, the data disclose a novel antimicrobial activity of heparin-binding regions of matrix glycoproteins. The findings can be utilized in the development of novel AMPs for therapeutic use. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V./Intemational Society of Matrix Biology. All rights reserved.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Dermatology and Venereal Diseases