Bandwidth, Q factor, and resonance models of antennas

Mats Gustafsson, Sven Nordebo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Citations (SciVal)


In this paper, we introduce a first order accurate resonance model based on a second order Pade approximation of the reflection coefficient of a narrowband antenna. The resonance model is characterized by its Q factor, given by the frequency derivative of the reflection coefficient. The Bode-Fano matching theory is used to determine the bandwidth of the resonance model and it is shown that it also determines the bandwidth of the antenna for sufficiently narrow bandwidths. The bandwidth is expressed in the Q factor of the resonance model and the threshold limit on the reflection coefficient. Spherical vector modes are used to illustrate the results. Finally, we demonstrate the fundamental difficulty of finding a simple relation between the Q of the resonance model, and the classical Q defined as the quotient between the stored and radiated energies, even though there is usually a close resemblance between these entities for many real antennas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
JournalProgress in Electromagnetics Research-Pier
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering


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