Beta-blockade and A1-adenosine receptor agonist effects on atrial fibrillatory rate and atrioventricular conduction in patients with atrial fibrillation

Valentina D. A. Corino, Fredrik Holmqvist, Luca T. Mainardi, Pyotr Platonov

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Abstract

Reduced irregularity of RR intervals in permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) has been associated with poor outcome. It is not fully understood, however, whether modification of atrioventricular (AV) conduction using rate-control drugs affects RR variability and irregularity measures. We aimed at assessing whether atrial fibrillatory rate (AFR) and variability and irregularity of the ventricular rate are modified by a selective A1-adenosine receptor agonist tecadenoson, beta-blocker esmolol, and their combination. Twenty-one patients (age 58 7 years, 13 men) with AF were randomly assigned to either 75, 150, or 300 g intravenous tecadenoson. Tecadenoson was administered alone (Dose Period 1) and in combination (Dose Period 2) with esmolol (100 g/kg/min for 10 min then 50 g/kg/min for 50 min). Heart rate (HR) and AFR were estimated for every 10 min long recording segment. Similarly, for every 10 min segment, the variability of RR intervals was assessed, as standard deviation, pNN20, pNN50, pNN80, and the root of the mean squared differences of successive RR intervals, and irregularity was assessed by non-linear measures such as regularity index (R) and approximate entropy. A marked decrease in HR was observed after both tecadenoson injections, whereas almost no changes could be seen in the AFR. The variability parameters were increased after the first tecadenoson bolus injection. In contrast, the irregularity parameters did not change after tecadenoson. When esmolol was infused, all the variability parameters further increased. Modification of AV node conduction can increase RR variability but does not affect regularity of RR intervals or AFR.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-594
JournalEuropace
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • Variability
  • Irregularity
  • Tecadenoson
  • RR series
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • frequency

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