Biodegradation of phenol at low temperature using two-phase partitioning bioreactors

Benoit Guieysse, Y Autem, Ana Soares

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Two-phase partitioning bioreactors offer many advantages for the removal of toxic pollutants. In particular, such systems can be loaded with very large quantities of pollutants without risks of microbial inhibition, they are self-regulated and they prevent the risks of hazardous pollutant volatilisation during aerobic treatment. However, their potential has never been tested at low temperatures. Phenol biodegradation by a cold adapted Pseudomonas strain was therefore tested at 14 or 4 degrees C using 2-undecanone, diethyl sebacate or 2-decanone as organic phases in a two-phase partitioning bioreactor. The three solvents were biocompatible at 14 degrees C but evidence was found that diethyl sebacate was biodegraded by the bacteria and this solvent was not tested further. Although only 2-decanone was suitable at 4 degrees C, phenol biodegradation was more efficient in 2-undecanone at WC, reaching a maximum volumetric rate (based on the volume of aqueous phase) of approximately 1.94 g/L-day after 47 h of cultivation. In 2-clecanone at 14 degrees C, evidence was found that phenol degradation was limited by the release of biosurfactants, which increased the solubility and toxicity of the solvent in the aqueous phase inhibiting microbial activity. This study therefore shows that pollutant removal at low temperature is feasible but that the production of biosurfactants can have a negative impact on the process and must be taken into consideration when selecting the organic solvent. Future work should therefore focus on the selection of solvents suitable for use at temperatures below 14 degrees C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-105
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume52
Issue number10-11
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Industrial Biotechnology

Keywords

  • wastewater
  • VOCs
  • phenol
  • biodegradation
  • biphasic
  • xenobiotics

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