Biotechnology and governance in Australia and Sweden: Path dependency or institutional convergence?

Hans Lofgren, Mats Benner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Citations (SciVal)


    The development of new generic technologies occurs within traditional structures of industry - government interaction, but also unleashes a process of 'creative destruction' generating new institutional patterns. This article, focusing on biotechnology, describes and compares policy processes and institutional arrangements in Australia and Sweden. The Swedish biotechnology sector displays a pattern of fragmentation and relatively weak state steering. Australia, by contrast, has implemented a set of comparatively coordinated regulatory and other measures to foster the growth of biotechnology. This observation contradicts the characterisation of Sweden as a 'strong state' economy, and challenges the depiction of Australia as lacking in state steering capacity. The relative open-endedness of the search in these countries for a mode of regulation of biotechnology suggests that the role of the state in economic restructuring today is fundamentally distinct from that of earlier periods.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)25-43
    JournalAustralian Journal of Political Science
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Subject classification (UKÄ)

    • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary


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