Bone graft incorporation. Effects of osteogenic protein-1 and impaction

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Impaction of cancellous bone grafts in a bone chamber in rats in a previous study led to decreased ingrowth of new bone after 6 weeks compared with unimpacted grafts. The current study analyzes whether this decrease represented a final loss of ingrowth or just a delay, if the decrease was influenced by immunologic factors, and if it was possible to influence the inhibitory effect by adding a bone morphogenetic protein. Bone chambers with impacted or unimpacted bone grafts were implanted bilaterally in rat tibias. The mean bone ingrowth distance into the graft was measured on histologic sections. Three experiments were done: (1) the bone ingrowth into impacted and unimpacted grafts was studied at 6 and 12 weeks; (2) the immunologic influence was studied by comparing isogeneic grafts with allogeneic grafts; and (3) the authors tried to influence the decrease in bone ingrowth in impacted grafts by adding osteogenic protein-1. Bone ingrowth into the impacted graft was decreased at 6 weeks but not at 12 weeks. No difference was found between isografts and allografts at 6 weeks. With the addition of osteogenic protein-1, the impacted grafts showed dramatically increased bone ingrowth. Impacted bone grafts are incorporated at a slower rate than were structural grafts. The delay can be reversed by adding osteogenic protein-1, making ingrowth faster than in structural bone.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-245
JournalClinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Issue number371
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Orthopaedics (Lund) (013028000), Reconstructive Surgery (013240300)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Orthopedics


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