We performed, in a cross-sectional study, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) among 15-16-year-old boys (n 58) and girls (n 44) living in an urban area and among boys (n 82) and girls (n 66) of the same age from a rural area. We measured bone mineral density (BMD) of the total body, the lumbar spine and the hip. In the rural population, we found significantly higher BMD levels in the lumbar spine (14% for the boys and 12% for the girls) and the total body (6.9% for the boys and 3.4% for the girls). We detected no significant differences in the hip BMD. Adolescents in rural areas seem to develop a higher peak bone mass and thereby presumably have a lower risk of developing fragility fractures.
Bibliographical noteThe information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Clinical and Molecular Osteoporosis Research Unit (013242930), Reconstructive Surgery (013240300), Department of Orthopaedics (Lund) (013028000)
Subject classification (UKÄ)