We demonstrate that the a. chain of human C4b binding protein (C4BP) binds directly to CD40 on human B cells at a site that differs from that used by CD40 ligand. C4BP induces proliferation, upregulation of CD54 and CD86 expression, and IL4-dependent IgE isotype switching in normal B cells but not in B cells from patients with CD40 or IKKgamma/NEMO deficiencies. Furthermore, C4BP colocalized with B cells in the germinal centers of human tonsils. These observations suggest that C4BP is an activating ligand for CD40 and establish a novel interface between complement and B cell activation.
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Immunology in the medical area